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JBE, vol. 25, no. 3, pp.313-324, May, 2020


Wrap-around Motion Vector Prediction for 360 Video Streams in Versatile Video Coding

Minhun Lee, Jongseok Lee, Juntaek Park, Woong Lim, Gun Bang, Dong Gyu Sim, and Seoung-Jun Oh

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In this paper, we propose a motion vector prediction method that increases the coding efficiency at the boundary of an image by utilizing the 360 video characteristic. In the current VVC method, the location of a neighbor block is excluded from the candidate list for inter prediction in case that it is out of boundary. This can reduce coding efficiency as well as subject quality. To solve this problem, we construct new candidates adding the location of the neighbor block at the boundary of the picture from already decoded information based on the projection method for 360 video coding. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, we compare with VTM6.0 and 360Lib9.1 under Random Access condition of JVET-360 CTC. As a result, the coding performance shows a BD-rate reduction of 0.02% on average in luma component and 0.05%, 0.06% on average in chroma components respectively, without additional computational complexity. The coding performance at the picture boundary shows a BD-rate reduction of 0.29% on average in luma component and 0.45%, 0.43% on average in chroma components, respectively. Furthermore, we perform subjective quality test with the DSCQS method and obtain MOS values. The MOS value is improved by 0.03 value, and we calculate BD-MOS using MOS value and bit-rate. As a result, the proposed method improved performance by up to 8.78% and 5.18% on average.

Keyword: VVC, 360 Video, Wrap-around, Inter prediction, Motion vector candidate list

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