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JBE, vol. 24, no. 7, pp.1189-1198, December, 2019


The Effects of Recording Distance and Viewing Distance on Presence, Perceptual Characteristics, and Negative Experiences in Stereoscopic 3D Video

Sanguk Lee and Donghun Chung

C.A E-mail:


The study explores the effects of recording and viewing distances in stereoscopic 3D on presence, perceptual characteristics, and negative experiences. Groups of 20 participants were randomly assigned to each of the three viewing distances, and all participants were exposed to five versions of the stereoscopic 3D music video that differs in recording distance. The results showed that first, viewers felt a higher experience of presence and had a better perception of objects positioned near the cameras. Second, viewers felt a greater perception of screen transmission as the viewing distance increased. Finally, viewers felt a greater negative experiences due to the joint effects of recording and viewing distance. As investigating the influence of stereoscopic 3D content and viewing environments on psychological factors, the study expects to provide a guideline of human factors in 3D.


Keyword: 3D viewing environment, 3D Human Factors, Fatigue, Presence

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