Search by item HOME > Access full text > Search by item

JBE, vol. 24, no. 3, pp.411-419, May, 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5909/JBE.2019.24.3.411

A Transdisciplinary and Humanistic Approach on the Impacts by Artificial Intelligence Technology

Dong-Yoon Kim and Sang-Joon Bae

C.A E-mail: aixprce@naver.com

Abstract:

Nowadays we are not able to consider and imagine anything without taking into account what is called Artificial Intelligence. Even broadcasting media technologies could not be thought of outside this newly emerging technology of A.I.. Since the last part of 20th century, this technology seemingly is accelerating it’s development thanks to an unbelievably enormous computational capacity of data information treatments. In conjunction with the firmly established worldwide platform companies like GAFA(Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple), the key cutting edge technologies dubbed NBIC(Nanotech, Biotech, Information Technology, Cognitive science) converge to change the map of the current civilization by affecting the human relationship with the world and hence modifying what is essential in humans. Under the sign of the converging technologies, the relatively recently coined concepts such as ‘trans(post)humanism’ are emerging in the academic sphere in the North American and Major European regions. Even though the so-called trans(post)human movements are prevailing in the major technological spots, we have to say that these terms do not yet reach an unanimous acceptation among many experts coming from diverse fields. Indeed trans(post)humanism as a sort of obscure term has been a largely controversial trend. Because there have been many different opinions depending on scientific, philosophical, medical, engineering scholars like Peter Sloterdijk, K. N. Hayles, Neil Badington, Raymond Kurzweil, Hans Moravec, Laurent Alexandre, Gilbert Hottois just to name a few. However, considering the highly dazzling development of artificial intelligence technology basically functioning in conjunction with the cybernetic communication system firstly conceived by Nobert Wiener, MIT mathematician, we can not avoid questioning what A. I. signifies and how it will affect the current media communication environment.



Keyword: Artificial Intelligence, Human Enhancement, Transhumanism, Posthuman. Human.

Reference:
[1] Concerning posthuman topic, I refer you to Professor Sangkyu Shin’s major work(The Future of Homo Sapiens? The Posthuman and Transhumanism) and Professor Jong Kwan Lee’s academic works.
[2] Gilbert Hottois, Jean-Noël Missa (Directeur de la publication), L’humain et ses préfixes, Une Encyclopédie du transhumanisme et du posthumanisme, Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 2015. Gilbert Hottois, L’inflation du langage dans la philosophie contemporaine, causes, formes et limites, Université libre de Bruxelles, 1979. Gilbert Hottois, Essais sur les causes, les formes, les limites de l’inflation du langage dans la philosophie contemporaines, Université libre de Bruxelles, 1973.
[3] A. Crevier, A la recherche de l’intelligence artificielle, Flammarion, 1997.
[4] “The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence was the name of a 1956 summer workshop now considered by many (though not all) to be the seminal event for artificial intelligence as a field. (...) On September 2, 1955, the project was formally proposed by McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester and Claude Shannon. The proposal is credited with introducing the term 'artificial intelligence'.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dartmouth_workshop
[5] Laurent Alexandre La guerre des intelligneces: Comment l’intelligence artificielle va révolutionner l’éducation, , JC Lattès, 2017, p. 26-27.
[6] Laurent Alexandre, 2017, p. 28-29. Yutaka Matsuo, JINKOUCHINOU WA NINGEN, WO KOERUKA, CHUKEI PUBLISHING, 2015.
[7] Laurent Alexandre, 2017, p. 26-27. Luc Ferry, La révolution transhumaniste, 2015. p. 259.
[8] Danièle Tritsch, Jean Mariani, Ça va pas la tête - Cerveau, immortalité et intelligence artificielle, l'imposture du transhumanisme, Belin, 2018
[9] Gilbert Hottois, Jean-Noël Missa (sous la direction de), L’humain et ses préfixes:Une Encyclopédie du transhumanisme et du posthumanisme, Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 2015. p. 18. Cf. President’s Council on Bioethics, Beyond Therapy, Washington, D.C., 2003.
[10] Mihail C. Roco (Editor), William Sims Bainbridge (Editor), Converg- ing Technologies for Improving Human Performance: Nanotechnol- ogy, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science, Springer, 2003. ‘Overview’ p. 1-27. Kim Dong-Yoon, ‘A Study on Humanistic Dimensions in the Era of the ’4th Industrail Revolution’ and the Converging of NBIC Technologies’ in Visual Culture(Korean Association for Visual Culture), vol.32. 2018. ISSN 1598-1088, p.43-82.
[11] Gilbert Hottois, Jean-Noël Missa (Directeur de la publication), L’humain et ses préfixes:Une Encyclopédie du transhumanisme et du posthumanisme, Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 2015, ‘Abhumanisme’
[12] Katherine N. Hayles, How we became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. University of Chicago Press, 1999.
[13] Francis Fukuyama, La fin de l’homme. Les conséquesnces de la révolution biotechnique, Gallimard <>, 2004. p. 154, 178-179. in Luc Ferry La révolution transhumaniste, p. 98.
[14] Luc Ferry, La révolution transhumaniste, 2015. p.112.
[15] Entretien avec ’Jürgen Habermas’ par Jean Blain (Lire), publié le 01/12/2002 à l’Express, https://www.lexpress.fr/culture/livre/jurgen- habermas_807241.html, Luc Ferry, La révolution transhumaniste, 2015. p. 118.
[16] Luc Ferry, La révolution transhumaniste, 2015. p.103.
[17] Allen Buchanan, Beyond Humanity, Oxford, University Press, 2011. Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels, & Daniel Wikler, From Chance to Choice, Genetics & Justice, Cambridge University Press, 2000. Kim Dong-Yoon, ‘A Study on Humanistic Dimensions in the Era of the ’4th Industrail Revolution’ and the Converging of NBIC Technologies’ in Visual Culture(Korean Association for Visual Culture), vol.32. 2018. ISSN 1598-1088 p.43-82.
[18] Laurent Alexandre, La mort de la mort, JCLattès, 2011.
[19] Laurent Alexandre, La guerre des intelligneces: Comment l’intelligence artificielle va révolutionner l’éducation, , JC Lattès, 2017.
[20] Nobert Wiener, The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society, 1954.
[21] Elaine Després, Hélène Machinal, PostHumains, Frontières, évolutions, hybridités, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2014, p. 237.
[22] “A more controversial application than the scanning-the-brain-to- understand-it scenario is scanning the brain to upload it. Uploading a human brain means scanning all of its salient details and then reinstantiating those details into a suitably powerful computational substrate. This process would capture a person’s entire personality, memory, skills, and history.” Ray Kurzweil, The Singularity is near, Penguin, 2006, p 198-199.
[23] Elaine Després, Hélène Machinal, PostHumains, Frontières, évolutions, hybridités, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2014, p.42.
[24] Monique Atlan, Roger-Pol Droit, Humain, Flammarion, 2014, p.124.
[25] Ibid., p. 126
[26] Ibid., p. 127.
[27] K. Eric Drexler, Engines of Creation, Doubleday, 1986. In Chapter 4, Engines Of Abundance
[28] Monique Atlan, Roger-Pol Droit, Humain, Flammarion, 2014, p. 128-129. ‘Friendly artificial intelligence’(Wikipedia) https://en.wiki pedia.org/wiki/Friendly_artificial_intelligence
[29] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freeman_Dyson
[30] Monique Atlan, Roger-Pol Droit, Humain, Flammarion, 2014, p. 141-142. Freeman Dyson, Le soleil, le génome et internet, Flammarion, 2001. La vie dans l’univers, Réflexions d’un physicien, Gallimard, 2009.
[31] Monique Atlan, Roger-Poi Droit, Humain, Flammarion, 2014., p. 129. [32] Elaine Després, Hélène Machinal, PostHumains, Frontières, évolutions, hybridités, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2014, p.42.
[33] Laurent Alexandre, La guerre des intelligneces: Comment l’intelligence artificielle va révolutionner l’éducation, , JC Lattès, 2017, p. 60-61.
[34] Max Tegmark, Life 3.0 : being human in the age of artificial intelligence, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2017. p. .4 –15.
[35] Max Tegmark, Life 3.0 : being human in the age of artificial intelligence, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2017. p. 25-30.
[36] Laurent Alexandre, La guerre des intelligneces: Comment l’intelligence artificielle va révolutionner l’éducation, , JC Lattès, 2017. p. 286.
[37] Luc Ferry, La Révolution transhumaniste, Plon, 2016, p. 264.

Comment


Editorial Office
1108, New building, 22, Teheran-ro 7-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Korea
Homepage: www.kibme.org TEL: +82-2-568-3556 FAX: +82-2-568-3557
Copyrightⓒ 2012 The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
All Rights Reserved